UCGHI Student and Junior Faculty Fellowship 2013 Awardees
The UCGHI is pleased to announce the awardees of the 2013 Student and Junior Faculty Fellowships. Through the generous support of a private donor, the UCGHI established this funding opportunity for graduate and professional students and junior faculty to undertake well-defined, time-limited, transdisciplinary global health projects. All projects directly address the annual objectives of one or more of the three UCGHI Centers of Expertise (COE) through education, research, partnership development and/or innovative uses of technology.
Jade Benjamin-Chung, MPH, UC Berkeley
Sustainably Reducing the Burden of Soil-Transmitted Helminths: The Joint Role of Preventive Chemotherapy and Sanitation and Hygiene
Bio: Jade Benjamin-Chung obtained an MPH in Epidemiology and Biostatistics from UC Berkeley in 2008. During her master's, she worked on the evaluation of the health impacts of a microfinance program in Haiti. Upon graduating, she worked with community health organizations on the Thailand-Burma border to build their health information systems capacity. She is currently a second year PhD student in Professor Jack Colford's research group. She works closely with the International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) on an evaluation of a large-scale UNICEF water and sanitation program in Bangladesh and a cluster randomized controlled trial of water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions in Bangladesh and Kenya. She also collaborates with Children Without Worms to research strategies for reducing neglected tropical disease infections in Bangladesh. She is interested in the application of biostatistical, epidemiologic, and econometric techniques in designing and conducting impact evaluations of health and development interventions.
Project: The World Health Organization promotes large-scale preventive chemotherapy to reduce morbidity from and transmission of helminths. Mass drug administration has been ongoing in many countries including Bangladesh for several years, yet little is known about the conditions needed for reductions in infection to be sustained when drug administration is scaled down. The aim of the project is to understand under what sanitation and hygiene conditions it is appropriate to scale down mass drug administration. Jade is conducting a pilot study to estimate the prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminths among women and children at differing levels of sanitation coverage and hygiene practices in rural Bangladesh. Using the results, she will design a matched cohort study to better understand the joint role of preventive chemotherapy and sanitation and hygiene in sustainably reducing helminth infections. The results will aid policymakers in refining their recommendations about how to sustainably reduce infections through chemotherapy, sanitation, and hygiene.
Mariam Davtyan, MPH, UC Irvine
Reducing HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma through PhotoVoice: A Road to Policy Change
Bio: Mariam Davtyan is a first year Doctoral Student at UC Irvine's School of Social Ecology, Program in Public Health and Epidemiology. For the last 7 years, she has been working as an HIV/AIDS researcher at LAC+USC Maternal Child & Adolescent Center (MCA), exploring disease trends in minority populations. She has also been the Facilitator of MCA's Community Advisory Board (CAB), a group consisting of HIV-infected women of color. The CAB group, with Ms. Davtyan's leadership and commitment, works to represent the needs of infected individuals, participates in patient advocacy projects, and develops educational materials for clinic patients and community members. Ms. Davtyan's work with the CAB has broadened her knowledge of factors necessary to change the course of the HIV/AIDS epidemic both domestically and globally. Her research interests are HIV/AIDS-related stigma reduction and documentary photography, community empowerment and mobilization, policy development, and the role of HPV in HIV acquisition.
Project: Understanding stigma from a community perspective is essential for developing evidence-based and culturally appropriate reduction initiatives domestically and globally. The current project will invite HIV-infected women of color to participate in Photo Voice, a community-based participatory research methodology, by which HIV-infected women will express their struggles with stigma through documentary photography. Photographs captured by participants will be used to engage in critical and reflective dialogue about HIV/AIDS-related stigma, to build social and human capital, and to create collages, art pieces, and portable galleries to display in settings where stigma is pervasive (schools, medical institutions, and congregations). The goals of the project are to de-stigmatize HIV/AIDS via evidence based information, to change public perceptions of people living with HIV/AIDS, and to inform policy/decision makers about the struggles of stigmatized communities in hopes of inspiring anti-stigma protocols, policies, and guidelines.
Daniel Ervin, MA, UC Santa Barbara
Twin Gods: A Mixed-Method Investigation of Diet Change in Latino Immigrants
Bio: Daniel Ervin received a B.A. in psychology from George Washington University in 2002, after which he worked in non-profit and public health for a number of years before returning to school to earn his M.A. in Geography from the University of Wyoming. He is currently a PhD student in Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His research interests include Food and Culture, Medical and Health Geography, Latin America, and Tourism. His dissertation focuses on Latino migrants and diet change.
Project: Daniel's project will investigate dietary changes among Mexican migrants to the United States and rural to urban migrants in Mexico. He will study the 'nutrition transition' to a diet of processed food high in fats and sugars affecting this population. This diet is a major factor in chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and obesity. He will study this phenomenon using a combination of questionnaires, physical measurements of BMI and blood pressure, and mass spectrometry carbon isotope analysis. He hopes that this research will shed new light on chronic nutrition-related conditions for migrants in the US and Mexico. He will approach the established concepts of acculturation, the nutrition transition and the Latino paradox with two fresh ideas: an emphasis on geography, and the use of a novel method.
Laurie Harris, DVM, UC Davis
Investigating the Epidemiology of Respiratory Diseases and Potential Zoonotic Pathogen Transmission in People and Endangered Primates in Rwanda
Bio: Dr. Harris is a biologist and veterinarian currently pursuing a PhD in wildlife epidemiology at UC Davis. Her research focuses on the epidemiology of respiratory diseases and zoonotic pathogen transmission at the wildlife-human interface in Rwanda, with implications for public and animal health management and conservation. Her background in ecology and interests in multidisciplinary approaches to disease investigation and environmental issues led Dr. Harris to pursue diverse health projects and training experiences in Central and South America, Europe, and Africa. She is committed to working collaboratively to promote the One Health approach to investigating disease by evaluating the complexities of pathogens at the human-animal-environment interface. Furthermore, she plans to work with science outreach programs to educate students, the public, and policy makers about global health and environmental conservation issues.
Project: The world's remaining 880 mountain gorillas survive in national parks in Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Gorilla tourism brings much needed revenue to these countries, aiding wildlife conservation and supporting local economies, yet it also brings people into close contact with gorillas on a daily basis. Due to the risk of disease transmission between people and gorillas, Dr. Harris developed this project which aims to investigate transmission of zoonotic pathogens and their significance in mountain gorillas and people, using laboratory assays and genetic analyses of biological samples to look for molecular evidence of pathogen sharing. Through collaborations with local and international scientists, this research will provide preliminary data on the epidemiology of zoonotic respiratory viruses in Rwanda. Additionally, this project will provide local laboratories with assays for continued health studies, and results will be used to inform biosafety protocols to reduce potential respiratory pathogen transmission.
Joanna Hernandez, UCSF/ UC Irvine
Migrant Farmworkers and the Construction of Home in the United States: A Photovoice Ethnography in the Community of Duroville
Bio: Joanna Hernandez has a Bachelor of Arts in History from the University of California, Los Angeles and is a fourth year medical student at University of California, Irvine's Program in Medical Education for the Latino Community (PRIME-LC). She is currently taking time away from medical school to pursue a Master's of Science in Global Health at the University of California, San Francisco. She plans to serve as a physician for the underserved Latino communities throughout the United States and Latin America. Her interests include migrant farm-working communities, social determinants of health, and increasing the diversity of California medical schools to better represent the communities that it consists of. She plans to use the training she has received in medical school and in global health to develop a multi-disciplinary approach to medicine, in order to provide comprehensive and quality healthcare to better serve the medically and socially indigent.
Project: Duroville has become a significant public health issue as the vast majority of the community lives in poverty in trailers that are not built to city code without potable drinking water and adjacent to a large open dump. The majority of the population is indigenous Purepecha immigrants from MichoacÃ¡n, Mexico, making them a very unique community with a tight-knit support system with families that share their language and culture. A significant conception of the identity-forming process for immigrants is establishing the meaning of home in the United States. The construction of home is multi-dimensional and the goal of this research project is to explore the home and its connection to the identities of immigrants in the United States. Joanna's research question is: What are the factors that construct the idea of home for Latino immigrants and specifically, migrant farm workers? Her methods are to take a three-pronged ethnographic approach to explore the theme of home in the context of the issue of immigration in the United States. The first component includes participant observation that will be used throughout the duration of the study. The second component of the study will consist of semi-structured interviews with the heads of households about the theme of home and immigration issues/concerns. This will be followed by the third component of the study, Photovoice, which is a methodology that has been used to provide marginalized communities a voice through the power of photography.
Sirina Keesara, UCSF
Identifying Barriers and Assessing Their Influence on the Postpartum Uptake of Contraceptives for Women in Kasarani, Nairobi
Bio: Sirina Keesara graduated from UC Berkeley with a B.A. in Anthropology and is currently studying medicine at UC San Francisco. She is committed to a career focused on women's health and plans to specialize in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Sirina has engaged in research concerning barriers to use of family planning in Ghana and Nicaragua, and has worked with advocacy efforts in the US to promote access to family planning. She is currently working for Jacaranda Health, a maternity clinic that serves women in the peri-urban slums of Nairobi, Kenya.
Project: Sirina is building Jacaranda Health's family planning program, focusing on promotion of postpartum family planning. She has found that there are a number of unanswered questions concerning the decision-making process of family planning use in the postpartum period. Her project will focus on elucidating the barriers to use of contraceptives for women in this area and the influence of these barriers over the course of the postpartum year.
PhuongThao (PT) D. Le, MPH, UCLA
Psychosocial Determinants of Reintegration: A Qualitative Study of Trafficked Returnees in Vietnam
Bio: PhuongThao D. Le (born 1982) lived in Saigon, Vietnam until the age of 12 when she and her family immigrated to southern California. She received a B.S. in applied mathematics and a minor in women's studies from UCLA in 2005. She subsequently received her MPH in Health Policy and Management from the Columbia University School of Public Health in 2008. Ms. Le has engaged in numerous health promotion and research initiatives, ranging from the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center's study to help underserved communities in Queens, New York access free cancer information and services, to Save the Children's breastfeeding support group model program in Vietnam. Her career objective is to build professional expertise in applied and translational health research in order to advance international projects that promote development, gender issues, human rights, and community capacity.
Project: Trafficking in persons is a form of involuntary migration that disproportionately affects women and girls and has serious health and social consequences. Vietnam is a major source country of human trafficking, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. Many Vietnamese women and girls are trafficked for sexual exploitation into the sex industry or as brides in fake foreign marriages. Ms. Le is conducting a dissertation project to understand the reintegration of Vietnamese returnees of human trafficking. It is a mixed-methods health research project to examine the issues trafficked persons face upon returning to Vietnam, with the goal of providing evidence-based and practical recommendations for programmatic activities and policy interventions. The study employs both a deductive, quantitative approach to analyze the statistics of returnees' health issues, as well as an inductive, qualitative approach to contextualize returnees' experiences of reintegration.
Cecily Miller, MPH, UCSF
Understanding Tuberculosis Stigma and Gender Interaction in Tanzania
Bio: Cecily Miller has a Masters of Public Health from UC Berkeley and is a doctoral student in the Epidemiology and Translational Sciences program at UCSF. She is currently working on several studies evaluating tuberculosis case-detection and active case-finding strategies in low-resource settings. Cecily studied Anthropology as an undergraduate at UC Berkeley, and her approach to research focuses on utilizing both anthropological and epidemiologic methods to more fully understand what the barriers are for patients to access care and for providers to reach patients. Cecily hopes to use the findings from these projects to help develop innovative approaches to help diagnose more cases and reduce transmission of tuberculosis in high-burden settings.
Project: Despite having a known cause and cure, there were almost 9 million new cases of tuberculosis last year and 1.4 million deaths. The disease's longevity is partly due to fear and stigma, which discourage health-seeking and lead to worse health outcomes, continued transmission, and further stigmatization. Due to inequitable traditional societal roles as well as the feminization of the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, stigma related to infectious disease often disproportionately affects women in this region. However, stigma is constantly changing, as evidenced by rapidly evolving societal attitudes toward HIV, suggesting that stigma can be addressed and reduced. The goal of this project is to conduct qualitative research to understand the current state of tuberculosis-related stigma and its effects on women's health and empowerment in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The findings will be used to inform the development and implementation of an educational and case-finding intervention designed to create opportunities for women's empowerment through education, employment, and mobilization.
Ruby Singhrao, UCSF
Risk Factors of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Progression in Women Screened by Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid, in Nyanza Province of Western Kenya
Bio: Ruby Singhrao is a Global Health Masters student at UCSF. She was born and raised in London, UK to Kenyan immigrant parents. She attended college at the University of London and completed an undergraduate degree in Biochemistry, becoming the first woman in her family to go to college. Whilst completing college she simultaneously worked in Public Health, which included work in the departments of infant nutrition and tobacco control. After moving to the USA, Ruby began work at UCSF with renowned HPV expert Dr. Joel Palefsky. It was here that she developed an interest and zeal for learning about infectious disease and translational science. Ruby plans to continue in the field of HPV research with a focus on HPV epidemiology, cervical cancer screening in low resource settings, and HPV vaccine trials. She intends to pursue further training to become an epidemiologist with a focus on translational medicine.
Project: The project involves working on risk factors for cervical disease progression in women screened at the FACES clinic in Kisumu, Kenya. Screening for cervical cancer in Kenya is very scarce due to the infrastructure costs involved with screening. FACES clinic has implemented visual inspection with acetic acid, a cheap and effective way to screen for cervical lesions. Risk factors for progression to cervical cancer, caused by HPV, have largely been established for women in developed countries. Yet there are additional risk factors that pertain to women in low resource settings. These have not been accounted for in the larger body of research. Some of these risk factors may include number of follow up visits, distance from clinic, and other STI's at presentation. Ruby will be performing data analysis on a cohort of 3000 women, testing for increased cervical cancer risk according to risk factors.
Jacqueline M. Torres, MPH, MA, UCLA
The Life-Course Origins of Later-Life Health Trajectories for Older Mexican Adults
Bio: Jacqueline Torres, MPH, MA (Latin American Studies) is a doctoral student in Community Health Sciences at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, where she researches immigrant health across the life-course. Jacqueline has worked for the Pan American Health Organization in Washington, D.C., and in collaboration with international non-profits like Save the Children and Plan International. Jacqueline's research is forthcoming in the American Journal of Public Health and Social Science and Medicine, respectively. Jacqueline was recently named an 'Emerging Scholar' at the 2013 International Conference on Aging in the Americas and received an award for best pre-dissertation research at the 2013 meeting of the Gerontological Society of America. Jacqueline was a NIH/National Institute on Aging predoctoral trainee at the California Center for Population Research and was recently awarded a two-year NIH/National Institute on Aging Kirschstein-NRSA traineeship to fund her dissertation research on life-course determinants of later-life health for older Mexican adults.
Project: Jacqueline will use the UCGHI award to fund her dissertation research, which will examine the role of childhood socioeconomic status, health, and family structure in shaping health trajectories for older adults in Mexico. Specifically, Jacqueline will use the Mexican Health and Aging Survey (MHAS), a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of Mexican adults born before 1951to test the relationship between childhood poverty and poor childhood health on changes in functional health over time and timing of diabetes and chronic heart disease onset. She will also examine differences in the life-course origins of later-life health trajectories for older Mexican adults based on migration history, including internal and U.S. migration history. The UCGHI award will allow Jacqueline to travel to the University of Texas-Medical Branch and to Mexico City to collaborate with the Principal Investigator of the MHAS dataset as well as members of the Mexican Institute of Geriatrics.
Emily Treleaven, MPH, UCSF
Migration and Childhood Vaccination in Cambodia: An Analysis of the Cambodian Socio-Economic Survey
Bio: Emily Treleaven, MPH, is a doctoral student in the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences at UCSF. She is interested in newborn and children's health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries, and is especially interested in social barriers to vaccination and care for newborns and children under five, specifically among migrant populations and the urban poor. Prior to her studies at UCSF, Emily worked for a USAID-funded health care quality improvement project, where she led gender integration efforts and supported newborn health activities in Latin America. She led a multi-year research project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill on post-disaster maternal and child health outcomes in rural Nicaragua, and completed an analysis of rotavirus vaccination coverage and perceived barriers to vaccination among mothers in the area. Emily completed her MPH at UNC in Maternal and Child Health and Global Health, and received her BA from Georgetown University.
Project: Emily's project seeks to understand the link between internal migration and childhood vaccination in Cambodia, which experiences high rates of rural-urban migration. She is working with staff from the Cambodian Ministry of Planning (MoP) to analyze data from the Cambodian Socio-Economic Survey and the Cambodian Demographic and Health Survey. Through her research, Emily will determine disparities in vaccination rates among children across demographic factors, and identify gaps in coverage among specific populations, with particular attention on migrant workers and the urban poor. By determining factors that predict vaccination in Cambodia, Emily will assist the MoP, Ministry of Health and other stakeholders to identify target populations and programs able to reach children at risk of non-vaccination. This project will highlight how internal rural-urban migration affects child health outcomes, and contribute to distilling strategies to target underserved populations in Cambodia in order to reach Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets by 2015.
Junior Faculty Fellows
Joelle Brown, PhD, MPH, UCSF/UCLA
Team Members: Okeoma Mmeje, MD, MPH, UC San Francisco; Lynaw Darbes, PhD, UC San Francisco
Development and Evaluation of a Safer Conception Training and Education Toolkit for the Empowerment of HIV-Affected Women, Couples and Healthcare Providers
Bio: Dr. Brown is an epidemiologist at UCSF and a member of the COEWHE. Dr. Brown has more than 10 years of experience living in and conducting reproductive health and HIV prevention research in sub-Saharan Africa, including at the Family AIDS Care and Education Services (FACES) - Ministry of Health (MOH) HIV Care and Treatment sites in Nyanza Province, where this proposed research will take place. In collaboration with Co-Investigators, Dr. Okeoma Mmeje and Dr. Lynae Darbes, this team of investigators will oversee the development and evaluation of the Safer Conception Toolkit.
Project: Childbearing is important to many HIV-serodiscordant couples. In Kenya there is no standardized safer conception training for health care providers (HCP) or counseling message endorsed by the Ministry of Health (MOH) to offer HIV-affected women and couples. There is an urgent need to develop a safer conception training curriculum for HCP and their patients. We propose to develop and evaluate a practical, concise, interactive Safer Conception Counseling Toolkit that will be used to train HCP in the Family AIDS Care and Education Services (FACES)-MOH HIV clinics in safer conception strategies. The goal of the Safer Conception Toolkit will be to (1) empower HCP by giving them the knowledge and skills to be able to provide counseling and up-to-date information on safer conception strategies for their HIV-affected patients, and (2) empower HIV-affected women and men who desire conception by giving them the knowledge they need to understand their options and reduce the risk of sexual HIV transmission.
Carol S. Camlin, PhD, MPH, UCSF
How Does Mobility Impact Women's Health and Empowerment? An Exploration of Mobility Processes, Empowerment and Engagement in HIV Care among HIV+ Women in Kenya
Bio: Carol Camlin is trained in public health and population studies, with experience in sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Working across the disciplines of social demography, epidemiology and health behavior, her research focuses on gender, migration and HIV prevention. The main emphasis of this work has been to examine the overlooked role that women's participation in migration may play in sustaining the enormous HIV epidemic in Southern and East Africa. Her current work aims to (1) assess the degree to which women's participation in migration in Kenya contributes to their high HIV infection risk; and (2) characterize the contexts of women's migration, and the behavioral and mental health consequences of migration that place female migrants at high risk of HIV. Her ultimate, long-term goal is to reduce the HIV transmission and acquisition risks faced by female migrants in Kenya via a multi-level, HIV prevention and linkage-to-care intervention.
Project: Women's ability to exercise agency is central to theories of women's empowerment. In Africa, women often migrate following catastrophic shocks to households due to poverty and HIV. Yet women also migrate for a better standard of living, independence from the often patriarchal norms of rural cultures, and a modernity characterized by more egalitarian gender relations. Social transformations in gender are intrinsic to the "feminization of migration" underway in the region. However, no research to date has directly examined the impact of HIV infection on women's mobility and empowerment. This study explores the interconnections between empowerment and mobility among HIV-positive women in Kenya. It explores two questions: Does women's mobility result in an expansion of life choices and greater ability to make health-enhancing decisions, such as enrolling and engaging in HIV care and treatment? Conversely, does women's mobility reflect their constrained life choices, presenting barriers to their engagement in care? The ultimate aim of this study is to identify opportunities to facilitate the empowering aspects of mobility for women, while addressing the barriers that mobility may present to women's agency to make health-enhancing decisions.
Lorena Garcia, MPH, DrPH, UC Davis
The Prevalence of Raw Milk Consumption "Leche Bronca Study" on Mexican Migrant Sending Communities to the USA
Bio: Lorena Garcia, an epidemiologist, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Epidemiology at the UC Davis School of Medicine. Dr. Garcia received a Doctor of Public Health from the Department of Epidemiology at UCLA in 2002 and a Masters of Public Health in Epidemiology/Biostatistics from Boston University in 1996. Dr. Garcia has been engaged in Latino health research since the early 1990s with a special interest in health disparities, chronic disease, behavioral health, injury and violence prevention in the Latino community. Dr. Garcia is also the Principal Investigator of a pilot project titled "The Impact of Neighborhood Context on Older Latino's Chronic Health Status" which hypothesizes that low neighborhood socioeconomic position (SEP) will negatively impact older Latino's chronic health, funded by the Latino Aging Research Resource Center (UC Davis RCMAR).
Project: The Raw Milk/Leche Bronca Study is a global health collaboration that will study the consumption, characteristics and views/beliefs of raw milk/leche bronca (RM/LB) in rural communities of Mexico which have high outmigration to the USA. Nativity appears to play a protective role in asthma and allergies for Mexican American populations in the US; in particular, foreign-born Mexican Americans have a lower prevalence of asthma and allergies compared to US-born Mexican Americans. Hence the determination of RM/LB consumption, and the association with the characteristics and views/beliefs of RM/LB in Mexican ancestry communities is warranted. It is hypothesized that ingestion of leche bronca/raw milk is common in rural farm communities in Guanajuato, Mexico with high migration to the USA, and that the decrease in leche bronca/raw milk ingestion after migration to the USA may be associated with the observed increase in asthma and allergies among Mexican immigrants.
Megan J. Huchko, MD, MPH, UCSF
The Impact of an Educational Intervention on Cervical Cancer Knowledge, Perceptions of Stigma and Screening Uptake in Rural Western Kenya
Bio: Megan Huchko, MD, MPH is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at UCSF. She received her medical degree at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and completed her ob-gyn training at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center before coming to UCSF for a joint fellowship in Reproductive Infectious Disease Fellowship and AIDS Prevention Studies. During the first year of her fellowship, she completed a Masters in Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research focuses on optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer among women with HIV in resource-limited settings. She designed and implemented a cervical cancer screening and treatment program for women receiving care at the Family AIDS Care and Education Services (FACES) clinics throughout Kenya's Nyanza Province. She has a career development award as well as a Landon Foundation-AACR INNOVATOR Award to look at the safety and efficacy of feasible screening and treatment techniques.
Project: Access to evidence-based, effective screening programs is essential to cervical cancer prevention in low-resource settings. However, women's perceptions of screening will also impact uptake of services. This randomized controlled trial will measure an educational intervention's impact on attitudes toward and uptake of cervical cancer screening among women attending clinics in rural western Kenya. Women will be assessed for previous screening, knowledge about cervical cancer and perceived stigma associated with cervical cancer screening. In the intervention arm, women will participate in a baseline survey, educational intervention, immediate post-intervention survey, and three-month follow-up survey. Women in the control arm will participate in the baseline and follow-up surveys. At three months, uptake of cervical cancer screening will also be assessed in both groups. This study will establish baseline data about cervical cancer screening knowledge and attitudes in rural Kenya, assess factors affecting women's likelihood of getting screened, and evaluate an educational intervention's effectiveness in changing knowledge and screening rates.
Woutrina Miller, DVM, MPVM, PhD, UC Davis
One Health Education: Building Local and International Learning Communities
Bio: Dr. Miller is a veterinarian and Assistant Adjunct Professor in the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis. Dr. Miller's One Health and molecular epidemiologic research program aims to investigate transmission dynamics and the role of the environment in infectious disease epidemiology at key human-animal interfaces around the world. This involves conducting focused laboratory studies paired with real-world field studies to test hypotheses grounded in theory along with practical realities, and at multiple scales. Research projects are currently active in Africa and Asia, with funding sources including the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. As an Education Coordinator for the UCGHI One Health Center of Expertise and a Capacity Building Coordinator for the USAID PREDICT Program, she works to promote collaborative One Health research and education locally and globally.
Project: The UCGHI One Health Center of Expertise is a hub for connecting students and faculty in new ways, among UC campuses and also between UC and international partner institutions, to foster innovative collaborations in One Health education and research. The objectives of Dr. Miller's 2013 faculty fellowship are 1) to expand existing and new One Health educational resources for use in the UCGHI graduate teaching and Fogarty-funded GloCal Program, 2) to build a local and international OH learning community by helping to develop an International One Health Education Network with UCGHI and partners in Europe and Africa, and 3) to support the inaugural undergraduate 'Introduction to One Health' course at UC Davis that could eventually extend system-wide. In addition to Dr. Miller's ongoing collaborative international research projects, these new educational activities will help UCGHI to reach undergraduate, graduate, and professional audiences with common interests in global health.
Victoria D. Ojeda, PhD, MPH, UC San Diego
Team Members: Jose Luis Burgos, MD, MPH, UC San Diego; David FitzGerald, PhD, UC San Diego
Tijuana Business Attitudes Toward Deportees and the Acceptability of an Employment Opportunities Program
Bio: Victoria D. Ojeda is an Assistant Professor in the Division of Global Public Health in the Department of Medicine at UCSD. Her research focuses on the health of underserved and vulnerable populations, including immigrants, Latinos, and women. She has published on health services issues including access to health insurance coverage, utilization of health and mental health services, and the financing of health care. Dr. Ojeda's current research focuses on substance use, HIV/AIDS, and mental health comorbidities, with a focus on migrant populations including deportees, injection drug users and female sex workers.
Project: The overarching goal of this cross-sectional study is to describe the workforce needs and attitudes of the Tijuana labor market toward deportees, and the acceptability of an employment opportunities program that can facilitate deportees' access to paid employment. To achieve the study's aims, the binational trans-disciplinary team will describe the formal and informal businesses/worksites in neighborhoods where shelters for deportees are located. The team will field interviewer-administered questionnaires that explore businesses' attitudes towards deportees as a sector of the local workforce, and the acceptability of an employment opportunities program. They will assess the extent to which deportees' skills and experiences match employers' needs. This study complements an ongoing GloCal-funded study that examines deportees' health status and reintegration into Tijuana, with an emphasis on examining deportees' labor market behaviors, including entrepreneurship.